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Dr. Xixi Wu

Dr. Xixi Wu
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Periodontics and Endodontics Definitions

Posted on 8/22/2022 by Hilton Israelson, DDS
Periodontics and Endodontics DefinitionsPeriodontics and endodontics are two dental fields that specialize in treating gums and teeth, respectively. At their core, they serve the same purpose — to preserve and improve your oral health. But how do these two fields differ, and which one is right for you? Here's everything you need to know:

What is Endodontics?

Endodontists are dental specialists who diagnose and treat conditions affecting the inside of teeth and root canals. These may include gum diseases, bad breath, and rotten teeth. They have completed four years of additional training in root canal therapy and can perform various procedures to save damaged teeth from needing extraction.

What is Periodontics?

Periodontics is concerned with diagnosing and treating gum disease, which can lead to tooth loss if left untreated. Periodontists are specialists in oral health who perform procedures such as cleaning, scaling, and root planning (deep cleaning). They also diagnose, evaluate and treat conditions like gum disease or infections.

When to Receive Periodontics Treatments?

There are a variety of risk factors that can lead to gum disease. If you have diabetes, are pregnant, or have a family history of periodontal disease, you may benefit from periodontal treatments such as scaling and root planing. These treatments help your dentist remove plaque and tartar from your teeth, which can slow gum disease progression and improve your oral health.

When Should I Receive Endodontics Treatments?

Symptoms can be the biggest determinant if you should see a specialist. If you have any of the following symptoms, it may be time to schedule an appointment with your dentist:


A toothache that does not go away after taking pain relievers like aspirin or ibuprofen will require treatment by an endodontist. It's important to address dental pain as soon as possible because it can worsen over time if left untreated.


If one or more teeth have become discolored, it could be due to a deep cavity in the tooth or an infection inside the pulp (nerve center) that needs to be removed before restoration can occur. If a deep cavity has formed from decay on an upper molar.

Make sure to come to see us if you are experiencing any of these symptoms. Do not wait!
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