Periodontal Diseases That Need Immediate Intervention
Posted on 6/20/2022 by Hilton Israelson, DDS
Periodontal diseases are types of infections of the gums and tissues that support the teeth. Left untreated, these diseases can lead to tooth loss. There are several types of periodontal disease, and some are more serious than others. Here is what you should know about these diseases.
Who Are at Higher Risks of Periodontal Disease?
According to the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, nearly half of Americans aged 30 or older have periodontitis, the more advanced form of periodontal disease. This disease is a gum tissue infection that can eventually lead to tooth loss. While anyone can develop periodontal disease, certain factors increase a person's risk. These include tobacco use, diabetes, poor oral hygiene, genetic predisposition, and certain medications. Smoking is hazardous because it decreases the amount of blood flow to the gums, making it harder for the tissue to fight off infection. People with diabetes are also at increased risk because they have poorer overall health and increased susceptibility to infection.
Which Periodontal Disease Is More Serious?
Gingivitis and periodontitis are 2 common types of periodontal disease. Both gingivitis and periodontitis are caused by plaque, a sticky film of bacteria forming on teeth. If plaque is not removed in the early stages, it can harden into tartar, which contributes to the inflammation and irritation of the gum tissue. While gingivitis can usually be treated with good oral hygiene habits, periodontitis requires more aggressive intervention. Common treatments for periodontitis include scaling and root planing, which involves removing tartar from the teeth and smoothing out the roots to prevent further irritation. In some cases, antibiotics may also be prescribed to help clear the infection. Periodontitis, when left without treatment, can result in tooth loss as well as an increased risk of various health issues such as heart disease and stroke.
Talk to our dentist if you want to learn more about periodontal disease and how to prevent it. They can tell you if you are at risk for the condition and give you advice on how to keep your mouth healthy.